The 24th of March is regarded as the World TB Day. The commemoration of this day began when Dr Robert Koch surprised the scientific community by announcing that he had discovered the cause of tuberculosis, the TB bacillus.
South Africa remain one of the countries with the highest burden of TB, with the World Health Organization (WHO) statistics giving an estimated incidence of 500 000 cases of active TB in 2011. About 1% of the population of about 50 million people develop active TB disease each year. This is worldwide, the third highest incidence of any country after India and China, and the incidence has increased by 400% over the past 15 years. The latest figure from the South African Department of Health is that 73% of TB patients are HIV positive.
World TB Day 2015: “Reach the 3 Million: Reach, Treat, Cure Everyone”